Our world is made up of diversities and this is what makes its specificity: people who live together despite their differences in culture, color of skin and even language. However, as human is what he is, there are conflicts due to these differences, which threaten the relative peace and equilibrium in which we live. We face racism, sexism and communitarianism. Racism and sexism are discriminations. The first one is based on race or ethnicity and the second one on gender. Communitarianism is “a collection of interactions, among a community of people in a geographic place”. It seems weird to talk about interactions between people when racism and sexism exists. We must say, these phenomena are not recent and I can not hide how futile I find these considerations. This ideology that human have to be subdivided into groups or live with people that are exactly like them is totally rum. Are racism and sexism parts of our daily lives ? Can we speak of communitarianism when human beings live on the street and without resources? Are humman as good as what we want to believe ?
« All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood ». This is the first article of the United States Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The second article supplemented this one adding that everyone may have theses rights « without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin ». these things were beautiful to write and hear, but, more difficult to respect. In fact,theses measures didn’t change anything on somepeople perceptions of women or minorities.
When we talk about racism,we know that the victims are black people, Asian, Hispanic and Arabic. They are human being like other,but are considered as inferior. We hear of the domination of one race over the other, the “white supremacy”; that leads to violence against individuals considered “non-whites”. Groups defending “white supremacy” can be found in many countries and regions where the population considers themselves “white”, including North America, Europe, Russia, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa.
The « Ku Klux Klan » was created for this in 1865 in the United States for the respect of the “white supremacy” and every day, we count more and more victims of racism.
Sexism is another flaw in our society, it is something we have seen before and which continues in some societies. Women are stigmatized and have a well defined role in society while men can do everything. The belief that women are nothing without husband for example pushed Indian society to ensure that widowed women were burned after the death of their husbands or abandoned on the streets.
In early Europe, people claim that women were witches. In Malleus Mallifcarum, it is said : « All wickedness is but little to the wickedness of a woman … What else is woman but a foe to friendship, an inescapable punishment, a necessary evil, a natural temptation, a desirable calamity, a domestic danger, a delectable detriment, an evil of nature, painted with fair colours ». Even in modern societies, positions of responsibility are denied to the weak sex: the woman. Sexism is still present.
Communitarianism is a difficult thing. It is a philosophical notion complicated to explain because often confused with communism. According to Wikipedia France, communitarianism is “a philosophy which holds that “the individual does not exist independently of his belongings, whether cultural, ethnic, religious or social”. This word has a double sense. In fact, some people see it as a sensitization to live together as a great community. However, considering this, it becomes impossible to leave people on the street without reacting and without helping one another. It turns out that things are more complex than that.
For the detractors of this philosophy, communitarianism, calls into question the neutral public space and places a community hierarchically above others and demands a strong cohesion of its members in almost all the aspects of their life. There is also a competitive or even fighting differentiation with other national or community entities. It would mean that the notion of unity and of living together is unfortunately a utopia.
I will finish saying that it is really difficult to see the future of the world in an optimistic view when we take into account these phenomena. Racism, sexism and communitarianism merely divide a world that is constantly threatened by conflicts. It is up to the population to show that human are not as bad as some of us can think, avoid separation and be united against these scourges that ruin society and our well-being. However, are people ready to accept all their differences ?